Carbon Cycle essay bibliography

An alphabetical listing of the published scientific papers used to compile Randall Carlson’s new essay titled:

“Redemption of the Beast

The Carbon Cycle and the Demonization of CO2


Battle, M. et al. (2000) Global Carbon Sinks and Their Variability Inferred from Atmospheric O2 and δ13C: Science, Vol. 287, No. 5462, Mar. 31, pp. 2467-2470.

Bender, Michael L., Mark Battle & Ralph F. Keeling (1998) The O2 Balance of the Atmosphere: A Tool for Studying the Fate of Fossil-Fuel CO2: Annual Review of Energy and Environment, Vol. 23, pp. 207-223.

Bolas, B. D. & Henderson, F. Y. (1928) The Effect of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Growth of Plants. 1: Annals of Botany, Vol. XLII, No. COLXVI, April, 1928. pp. 509 – 523

Botkin & Keller (2003) Environmental Science – Earth as a Living Planet; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  p. 63.

Ciaia, P. et al. (1995) A Large Northern Hemisphere Terrestrial CO2 Sink Indicated by the 13C/12C Ratio of Atmospheric CO2: Science, vol. 269, Aug. 25, pp. 1098 – 1101.

Craine, Joseph M. & Peter B. Reich (2001) Elevated CO2 and nitrogen supply alter leaf longevity of grassland species: New Phytologist, vol. 150, pp. 397 – 403

CSIRO Australia. “Deserts ‘greening’ from rising carbon dioxide: Green foliage boosted across the world’s arid regions.Science Daily, July 8, 2013.

Cummings, Marshall Baxter & Charles Howland Jones (1918) “Aerial fertilization of plants with carbon dioxide.” U.S. Dept. Agriculture Pub. 56 pp.

Dalrymple, Dana G. (1973) A Global Review of Greenhouse Food Production (Foreign Agricultural Economic Report No. 89) Washington D.C.

Dahlman, Roger C. (1993) CO2 and Plants: revisited: Vegetatio, vol. 104/105, pp. 339 – 355.

Demoussy, M.  E. (1904) Sur la vegétation dans des atmosphères riches en acide carboniqueComptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, vol. 139, No. 21, pp. 883-885

Donohue, Randall J.; Tim R. McVicar & Michael L. Roderick (2009) Climate-related trends in Australian vegetation cover as inferred from satellite observations, 1981-2006: Global Change Biology, vol. 15, pp. 1025-1039.

Donohue, Randall J. et al. (2013) Impact of CO2 fertilization on maximum foliage cover across the globe’s warm, arid environments: Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 3031 – 3035

Drake, Bert G., Miqeul A. Gonzalez-Meler & Steve P. Long (1997) More Efficient Plants: A Consequence of Rising Atmosphereic CO2?: Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 48, pp. 609 – 639

Fan, S. et al. (1998) A Large Terrestrial Carbon Sink in North America Implied by Atmospheric and Oceanic Carbon Dioxide and Models: Science, vol. 282 (Oct. 16) pp. 442 – 446

Farquhar, Graham D. (1997) Carbon Dioxide and Vegetation: Science, vol. 278 (Nov. 21) pp. 1411.

Flenley, J. R. (1979) The Late Quaternary vegetational history of the equatorial mountains: Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 3, pp. 488 – 509

Fung, Inez (1997) Climate change: a greener north. Nature, Vol. 386, April 17, pp. 659-660.

Idso, Sherwood B. (1991) The Aerial Fertilization Effect of CO2 and Its Implications for Global Carbon Cycling and Maximum Greenhouse Warming: Bulletin American Meteorological Society, Vol. 72, No. 7 (July) pp. 962 – 965

Idso, S. B. & B. A. Kimball (1991) Effects of two and a half years of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on the root density distribution of three-year-old sour orange trees: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 55 pp. 345 – 349

Jarvis, P. G. (1989) Atmospheric carbon dioxide and forests: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. B 324, pp. 369 – 392

Kaiser, Jocelyn (1998) Possibly Vast Greenhouse Gas Sponge Ignites Controversy: Science, vol. 282 (Oct. 16) pp. 386 – 387

Kaptue, Armel; Lara Prihodka, and Niall P. Hanan (2015) On regreening and degradation in Sahelian watersheds: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, vol. 112, no. 39 (Sept. 29) pp. 12133-12138

Kimball, B. A. (1983) Carbon Dioxide and Agricultural Yield: An Assemblage and Analysis of 430 Prior Observations; Agronomy Journal, Vol. 75, Sept.-Oct., pp. 779-788.

Kimball, B. A. & Sherwood B. Idso (1983) Increasing Atmospheric CO2: Effects on Crop Yield, Water Use and Climate: Agricultural Water Management, vol. 7, pp. 55 – 72

Kimball, B. A. et al. (1993) Effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 on vegetation: Vegetatio, vol. 104/105, pp. 65 – 75

Kohlmaier, Gundolf H; Bröhl, Horst; Siré, Ernst Olof; Plöchl, Matthias; & Revelle, Roger (1987) Modelling simulation of plants and ecosystem response to present levels of excess atmospheric CO2: Tellus, Vol. 39B, pp. 155 – 170.

Komhyr, W. D. et al. (1985) Global Atmospheric CO2 Distribution and Variations from 1968 -1982 NOAA/GMCC CO2 Flask Sample DataJournal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 90, NO. D3, pp. 5567-5596, June 20.

LaMarche, Valmore C. et al. (1984) Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Tree Ring Evidence for Growth Enhancement in Natural Vegetation; Science, vol. 225, Sept. 7, pp. 1019-1021

Lawlor, D.W. & Mitchell, A. C. (1991) The effects of increasing CO2 on crop photosynthesis and productivity: a review of field studies: Plant, Cell and Environment, Vol. 14, pp. 807 – 818

Liu, Zaihua, Wolfgang Dreybrodt, Haijing Wang (2010) A new direction in effective accounting for the atmospheric CO2 budget: Considering the combined action of carbonate dissolution, the global water cycle and photosynthetic uptake of DIC by aquatic organisms: Earth Science Reviews, vol. 99, pp. 162-172

Liu, Yi Y. et al. (2015) Recent reversal in loss of global terrestrial biomass: Nature Climate Change, vol. 5 (May) pp. 470 – 474

Lu, Xuefei; Lixin Wang & Matthew F. McCabe (2016) Elevated CO2 as a driver of global dryland greening: reports (Feb. 12)

Malhi, Yadvinder, and John Grace. “Tropical forests and atmospheric carbon dioxide.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution Vol 15, No. 8 (2000): 332-337.

Mao, Jiafu; et al. (2016) Human-induced greening of the northern extratropical land surface: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6 (Oct.) pp. 959 – 963

Melillo, Jerry M. et al. (1993) Global climate change and terrestrial net primary production: Nature, vol. 363, May 20, pp. 234 – 240

Monastersky, Richard (1993) Minor climate change can unravel a forest: Science News, vol. 144, no. 22 (Nov. 27) p. 359

Myneni, R. B. et al. (1997) “Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991Nature, vol. 386 (April 17) pp. 698 – 702.

Nasif Nahle (2009) Cycles of Global Climate Change. Biology Cabinet Journal Online, July

Norby, Richard J. et al. (2005) Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, no. 50 (Dec. 13.) pp. 18052 – 18056

Oberbauer, Steven F., Boyd R. Strain & Ned Fetcher (1985) Effect of CO2-enrichment on seedling physiology and growth of two tropical tree species: Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 65, Issue 4 (Dec.) pp. 352-356

Olsson, L.; L. Eklundh & J. Ardo (2005) A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes: Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 63, pp. 556-566

Pagani, Mark, et al. (2005) Marked Decline in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations During the Paleogene: Science, vol. 309 (22 July) pp. 600 – 603

Philllips, O. L.  et al. (1998) Changes in the carbon balance of tropical forests: evidence from long term plot data: Science, vol. 282, pp. 439 – 442

Pretzsch, Hans, et al. (2014) Forest stand growth dynamics in Central Europe have accelerated since 1870: NatureCommunications 5 : 4967 | DOI: 10.1038 / ncomms 5967 | www. nature.Com /naturecommunications

Reiny, Samson (2016) Carbon Dioxide Fertilization Greening Earth, Study Finds: NASA, Earth. (April 26)

Ricklefs, Robert E. (1983) The Economy of Nature: A Textbook in Basic Ecology: 2nd ed. Chiron Press, Inc.

Rogers, Hugo H., Judith F. Thomas & Gail E. Bingham (1983) Response of Agronomic and Forest Species to Elevated Carbon Dioxide: Science, Vol. 220 (April 22)  pp. 428 – 429

Rogers, Hugo H. & R. C. Dahlman (1993) Crop responses to CO2 enrichment: Vegetatio, vols. 104/105, pp. 117-131.

Rosenberg, Norman J. (1981) The increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and its implication on agricultural productivity: Climatic Change, Vol. 3, pp. 265-279.

Sage, Rowan F. (1995) Was low atmospheric CO2 during the Pleistocene a limiting factor for the origin of agriculture? Global Change Biology, vol 1, pp. 93 – 106

Schonfeld, Manette; Richard C. Johnson & Davis M. Ferris (1989) Development of Winter Wheat under Increased Atmospheric CO2 and Water Limitation at Tillering: Crop Science, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 1083-1086.

Sellers, Piers, and James J. McCarthy (1990) Planet Earth: Part III: Biosphere interactions. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol. 71, no. 52 (Dec. 25): 1883-1884

Strain, Boyd R. & Jennifer D. Cure, eds. (1985) Direct Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide on Vegetation: United States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Carbon Dioxide Research Division. DOE/ER-0238, December.

Street-Perrott, F. et al. (1997) Impact of Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Tropical Mountain Ecosystems: Science, vol. 278, No. 5342 (Nov. 21) pp. 1422 – 14216

Tagesson, Torbern, et al. (2016) Spatiotemporal variability in carbon exchange fluxes across the Sahel: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 226-227 (Oct.) pp. 108-118

Tans, Pieter P., Inez Y. Fung, & Taro Takahashi (1990) Observational Constraints of the Global Atmospheric CO2 Budget: Science, vol. 247, No. 4949, March 23, pp. 1431 – 1438.

Taylor, J. A. and J. Lloyd (1992) Sources and Sinks of Atmospheric CO2: Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 407 – 418.

U. S. Dept. of Agriculture (1904-1905) Experiment Station Record, vol. XVI, p. 847.

Volin, John C, Peter B. Reich & Thomas J Givnish (1998) Elevated carbon dioxide ameliorates the effects of ozone on photosynthesis and growth: species respond similarly regardless of photosynthetic pathway or plant functional group: New Phytology, Vol. 138, pp. 315 – 325

Willis, Kathy J. & Shonil A. Bhagwat (2009) Biodiversity and Climate Change: Science, Vol. 326 (Nov. 6) pp. 806 – 807

Wittwer, S. H. and Wm. Robb (1964) Carbon Dioxide Enrichment of Greenhouse Atmospheres for Food Crop Production: Economic Botany, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan. – Mar.) pp. 34 – 56.

Wofsy, Steven C. (2001) Where Has All the Carbon Gone? Science, Vol. 292, June 22, pp. 2261 – 2263.

Zhu, Zaichun, et al. (2016) Greening of the Earth and its drivers: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, August, pp. 791 – 796

Ziska, Lewis H. & James A. Bunce (2007) Predicting the impact of changing CO2 on crop yields: some thoughts on food: New Phytologist, vol. 175, pp. 607 – 618