An alphabetical listing of the published scientific papers used to compile Randall Carlson’s new essay titled:
“Redemption of the Beast
The Carbon Cycle and the Demonization of CO2”
Battle, M. et al. (2000) Global Carbon Sinks and Their Variability Inferred from Atmospheric O2 and δ13C: Science, Vol. 287, No. 5462, Mar. 31, pp. 2467-2470.
Bender, Michael L., Mark Battle & Ralph F. Keeling (1998) The O2 Balance of the Atmosphere: A Tool for Studying the Fate of Fossil-Fuel CO2: Annual Review of Energy and Environment, Vol. 23, pp. 207-223.
Bolas, B. D. & Henderson, F. Y. (1928) The Effect of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Growth of Plants. 1: Annals of Botany, Vol. XLII, No. COLXVI, April, 1928. pp. 509 – 523
Botkin & Keller (2003) Environmental Science – Earth as a Living Planet; John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 63.
Ciaia, P. et al. (1995) A Large Northern Hemisphere Terrestrial CO2 Sink Indicated by the 13C/12C Ratio of Atmospheric CO2: Science, vol. 269, Aug. 25, pp. 1098 – 1101.
Craine, Joseph M. & Peter B. Reich (2001) Elevated CO2 and nitrogen supply alter leaf longevity of grassland species: New Phytologist, vol. 150, pp. 397 – 403
CSIRO Australia. “Deserts ‘greening’ from rising carbon dioxide: Green foliage boosted across the world’s arid regions.” Science Daily, July 8, 2013. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130708103521.htm.
Cummings, Marshall Baxter & Charles Howland Jones (1918) “Aerial fertilization of plants with carbon dioxide.” U.S. Dept. Agriculture Pub. 56 pp.
Dalrymple, Dana G. (1973) A Global Review of Greenhouse Food Production (Foreign Agricultural Economic Report No. 89) Washington D.C.
Dahlman, Roger C. (1993) CO2 and Plants: revisited: Vegetatio, vol. 104/105, pp. 339 – 355.
Demoussy, M. E. (1904) Sur la vegétation dans des atmosphères riches en acide carbonique: Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, vol. 139, No. 21, pp. 883-885
Donohue, Randall J.; Tim R. McVicar & Michael L. Roderick (2009) Climate-related trends in Australian vegetation cover as inferred from satellite observations, 1981-2006: Global Change Biology, vol. 15, pp. 1025-1039.
Donohue, Randall J. et al. (2013) Impact of CO2 fertilization on maximum foliage cover across the globe’s warm, arid environments: Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 3031 – 3035
Drake, Bert G., Miqeul A. Gonzalez-Meler & Steve P. Long (1997) More Efficient Plants: A Consequence of Rising Atmosphereic CO2?: Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 48, pp. 609 – 639
Fan, S. et al. (1998) A Large Terrestrial Carbon Sink in North America Implied by Atmospheric and Oceanic Carbon Dioxide and Models: Science, vol. 282 (Oct. 16) pp. 442 – 446
Farquhar, Graham D. (1997) Carbon Dioxide and Vegetation: Science, vol. 278 (Nov. 21) pp. 1411.
Flenley, J. R. (1979) The Late Quaternary vegetational history of the equatorial mountains: Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 3, pp. 488 – 509
Fung, Inez (1997) Climate change: a greener north. Nature, Vol. 386, April 17, pp. 659-660.
Idso, Sherwood B. (1991) The Aerial Fertilization Effect of CO2 and Its Implications for Global Carbon Cycling and Maximum Greenhouse Warming: Bulletin American Meteorological Society, Vol. 72, No. 7 (July) pp. 962 – 965
Idso, S. B. & B. A. Kimball (1991) Effects of two and a half years of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on the root density distribution of three-year-old sour orange trees: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 55 pp. 345 – 349
Jarvis, P. G. (1989) Atmospheric carbon dioxide and forests: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. B 324, pp. 369 – 392
Kaiser, Jocelyn (1998) Possibly Vast Greenhouse Gas Sponge Ignites Controversy: Science, vol. 282 (Oct. 16) pp. 386 – 387
Kaptue, Armel; Lara Prihodka, and Niall P. Hanan (2015) On regreening and degradation in Sahelian watersheds: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, vol. 112, no. 39 (Sept. 29) pp. 12133-12138
Kimball, B. A. (1983) Carbon Dioxide and Agricultural Yield: An Assemblage and Analysis of 430 Prior Observations; Agronomy Journal, Vol. 75, Sept.-Oct., pp. 779-788.
Kimball, B. A. & Sherwood B. Idso (1983) Increasing Atmospheric CO2: Effects on Crop Yield, Water Use and Climate: Agricultural Water Management, vol. 7, pp. 55 – 72
Kimball, B. A. et al. (1993) Effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 on vegetation: Vegetatio, vol. 104/105, pp. 65 – 75
Kohlmaier, Gundolf H; Bröhl, Horst; Siré, Ernst Olof; Plöchl, Matthias; & Revelle, Roger (1987) Modelling simulation of plants and ecosystem response to present levels of excess atmospheric CO2: Tellus, Vol. 39B, pp. 155 – 170.
Komhyr, W. D. et al. (1985) Global Atmospheric CO2 Distribution and Variations from 1968 -1982 NOAA/GMCC CO2 Flask Sample Data: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 90, NO. D3, pp. 5567-5596, June 20.
LaMarche, Valmore C. et al. (1984) Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Tree Ring Evidence for Growth Enhancement in Natural Vegetation; Science, vol. 225, Sept. 7, pp. 1019-1021
Lawlor, D.W. & Mitchell, A. C. (1991) The effects of increasing CO2 on crop photosynthesis and productivity: a review of field studies: Plant, Cell and Environment, Vol. 14, pp. 807 – 818
Liu, Zaihua, Wolfgang Dreybrodt, Haijing Wang (2010) A new direction in effective accounting for the atmospheric CO2 budget: Considering the combined action of carbonate dissolution, the global water cycle and photosynthetic uptake of DIC by aquatic organisms: Earth Science Reviews, vol. 99, pp. 162-172
Liu, Yi Y. et al. (2015) Recent reversal in loss of global terrestrial biomass: Nature Climate Change, vol. 5 (May) pp. 470 – 474
Lu, Xuefei; Lixin Wang & Matthew F. McCabe (2016) Elevated CO2 as a driver of global dryland greening: Nature.com/scientific reports (Feb. 12)
Malhi, Yadvinder, and John Grace. “Tropical forests and atmospheric carbon dioxide.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution Vol 15, No. 8 (2000): 332-337.
Mao, Jiafu; et al. (2016) Human-induced greening of the northern extratropical land surface: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6 (Oct.) pp. 959 – 963
Melillo, Jerry M. et al. (1993) Global climate change and terrestrial net primary production: Nature, vol. 363, May 20, pp. 234 – 240
Monastersky, Richard (1993) Minor climate change can unravel a forest: Science News, vol. 144, no. 22 (Nov. 27) p. 359
Myneni, R. B. et al. (1997) “Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991” Nature, vol. 386 (April 17) pp. 698 – 702.
Nasif Nahle (2009) Cycles of Global Climate Change. Biology Cabinet Journal Online, July
Norby, Richard J. et al. (2005) Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, no. 50 (Dec. 13.) pp. 18052 – 18056
Oberbauer, Steven F., Boyd R. Strain & Ned Fetcher (1985) Effect of CO2-enrichment on seedling physiology and growth of two tropical tree species: Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 65, Issue 4 (Dec.) pp. 352-356
Olsson, L.; L. Eklundh & J. Ardo (2005) A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes: Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 63, pp. 556-566
Pagani, Mark, et al. (2005) Marked Decline in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations During the Paleogene: Science, vol. 309 (22 July) pp. 600 – 603
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Ricklefs, Robert E. (1983) The Economy of Nature: A Textbook in Basic Ecology: 2nd ed. Chiron Press, Inc.
Rogers, Hugo H., Judith F. Thomas & Gail E. Bingham (1983) Response of Agronomic and Forest Species to Elevated Carbon Dioxide: Science, Vol. 220 (April 22) pp. 428 – 429
Rogers, Hugo H. & R. C. Dahlman (1993) Crop responses to CO2 enrichment: Vegetatio, vols. 104/105, pp. 117-131.
Rosenberg, Norman J. (1981) The increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and its implication on agricultural productivity: Climatic Change, Vol. 3, pp. 265-279.
Sage, Rowan F. (1995) Was low atmospheric CO2 during the Pleistocene a limiting factor for the origin of agriculture? Global Change Biology, vol 1, pp. 93 – 106
Schonfeld, Manette; Richard C. Johnson & Davis M. Ferris (1989) Development of Winter Wheat under Increased Atmospheric CO2 and Water Limitation at Tillering: Crop Science, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 1083-1086.
Sellers, Piers, and James J. McCarthy (1990) Planet Earth: Part III: Biosphere interactions. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol. 71, no. 52 (Dec. 25): 1883-1884
Strain, Boyd R. & Jennifer D. Cure, eds. (1985) Direct Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide on Vegetation: United States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Carbon Dioxide Research Division. DOE/ER-0238, December.
Street-Perrott, F. et al. (1997) Impact of Lower Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Tropical Mountain Ecosystems: Science, vol. 278, No. 5342 (Nov. 21) pp. 1422 – 14216
Tagesson, Torbern, et al. (2016) Spatiotemporal variability in carbon exchange fluxes across the Sahel: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 226-227 (Oct.) pp. 108-118
Tans, Pieter P., Inez Y. Fung, & Taro Takahashi (1990) Observational Constraints of the Global Atmospheric CO2 Budget: Science, vol. 247, No. 4949, March 23, pp. 1431 – 1438.
Taylor, J. A. and J. Lloyd (1992) Sources and Sinks of Atmospheric CO2: Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 407 – 418.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture (1904-1905) Experiment Station Record, vol. XVI, p. 847.
Volin, John C, Peter B. Reich & Thomas J Givnish (1998) Elevated carbon dioxide ameliorates the effects of ozone on photosynthesis and growth: species respond similarly regardless of photosynthetic pathway or plant functional group: New Phytology, Vol. 138, pp. 315 – 325
Willis, Kathy J. & Shonil A. Bhagwat (2009) Biodiversity and Climate Change: Science, Vol. 326 (Nov. 6) pp. 806 – 807
Wittwer, S. H. and Wm. Robb (1964) Carbon Dioxide Enrichment of Greenhouse Atmospheres for Food Crop Production: Economic Botany, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan. – Mar.) pp. 34 – 56.
Wofsy, Steven C. (2001) Where Has All the Carbon Gone? Science, Vol. 292, June 22, pp. 2261 – 2263.
Zhu, Zaichun, et al. (2016) Greening of the Earth and its drivers: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, August, pp. 791 – 796
Ziska, Lewis H. & James A. Bunce (2007) Predicting the impact of changing CO2 on crop yields: some thoughts on food: New Phytologist, vol. 175, pp. 607 – 618